Watermelon is a delicious and refreshing fruit that’s also good for you. It contains only 46 calories per cup but is high in vitamin C, vitamin A and many healthy plant compounds with amazing health benefits.
Top exporters of the commodity are:
- Costa Rica
The top importers of water melon are:
- United States
- United Kingdom
World’s Largest Producers Of Watermelon
China with 79.2 Million Tons
In China, the majority of Watermelon is produced in the Gansu province, where the climate is favorable for its cultivation. The fruit produced here is of excellent quality because of the special type of climate of the region. The area has maximum sunlight and the precipitation in the area is minimal at 40-538 millimeters in the most important production areas. In the season of watermelon, the temperature ranges from 12 to 16 degrees Celsius. The cultivation technology used in the area is sowing into the open field. In other areas, tunnel production and seedling transplanting are used production.
Turkey with 3.9 Million Tons
In Turkey, the fruit is mostly produced in Antalya’s Manavgat district. The district is so well known for its watermelon production that it hosts a watermelon festival every year. The fruit also has an important place in the country from an economical point of view as 10 percent of total production comes from Turkey.
Iran with 2.8 Million Tons
In Iran, watermelon is produced in the Hamadan province, and the production covers nearly 1.2 percent of the total area of this particular province. The energy usage in the production was direct and indirect and the farmers use renewable and non-renewable energy. Seeding, chemical fertilizers, modern technology, and spraying are used for its production.
Import And Export Channels For Watermelon
The exports from top countries are directed to such countries as Bangladesh, the United Arab Emirates, and Nepal. Other importing countries are the Netherlands, Germany, Maldives, Canada, and Saudi Arabia. In the year 2005, it was reported that 2.2 million metric tons of watermelon were exported and 2.0 million metric tons were imported into this lucrative fruit market.
According to Index Box, the global melon market revenue amounted to 27.4 Billion Dollars in 2018, increasing by 2.2 percent from the previous year. This figure reflects the total revenues of producers and importers excluding logistics costs, retail marketing costs, and retailers’ margins, which will be included in the final consumer price. The market value increased at an average annual rate of plus 2.1 percent over the period from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained relatively stable, with only minor fluctuations being recorded in certain years. Over the period under review, the global melon market attained its peak figure level in 2018 and is expected to retain its growth in the near future.
Consumption By Country
The country with the largest volume of melon consumption was China with 17 million tonnes, comprising approximately 53 percent of the total volume. Moreover, melon consumption in China exceeded the figures recorded by the second-largest consumer, Turkey with 1.8 million tonnes tenfold. Iran with 1.6 million tonnes ranked third in terms of total consumption with a 4.8 percent share.
In China, melon consumption increased at an average annual rate of plus 1.9 percent over the period from 2007 to 2018. In the other countries, the average annual rates were as follows: Turkey with plus 0.9 percent per year and Iran with minus 2.3 percent per year.
In value terms, China with 15.1 Billion dollars led the market, alone. The second position in the ranking was occupied by Turkey with 1.3 Billion dollars. It was followed by Egypt.
In 2018, the highest levels of melon per capita consumption were registered in Kazakhstan with 50 kg per person, followed by Turkey with 22 kg per person, Iran with 19 kg per person, and Morocco with 15 kg per person, while the world average per capita consumption of melon was estimated at 4.25 kg per person.
WaterMelon Market Forecast between 2019 to 2025:
Driven by increasing demand for melons worldwide, the market is expected to continue an upward consumption trend over the next decade. Market performance is forecast to retain its current trend pattern, expanding with an anticipated CAGR of plus 0.9 percent for the period from 2018 to 2030, which is projected to bring the market volume to 36 million tonnes by the end of 2030.
WaterMelon Production between 2007 to 2018:
Global melon production totaled 33 million tonnes in 2018, going up by 1.6 percent against the previous year. Over the period under review, melon production continues to indicate a modest growth. The generally positive trend in terms of melon output was largely conditioned by a modest expansion of the harvested area and a mild increase in yield figures.
In 2018, the global melon harvested area amounted to 1.2 million hectares, therefore, remaining relatively stable against the previous year. Overall, the melon harvested area, however, continues to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern.
In 2018, the global average yield of melons amounted to 27 tonnes per hectare, therefore, remaining relatively stable against the previous year. The yield figure increased at an average annual rate of plus 1.3 percent from 2007 to 2018; the trend pattern remained consistent, with only minor fluctuations being observed over the period under review.
In 2018, the global exports of melons stood at 2.3 million tonnes, rising by 8.6 percent from the previous year. Over the period under review, melon exports continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. The pace of growth appeared the most rapid in 2018 when exports increased by 8.6 percent year on year. In that year, global melon exports reached their peak and are likely to continue their growth in the immediate term. In value terms, melon exports stood at 1.9 Billion dollars in 2018.
Water Melon Exports by Country
Spain with 405 thousand tonnes and Guatemala with 397 thousand tonnes are the largest exporters of melons in the world, together accounting for approximately 34 percent of total exports. Honduras with 254 thousand tonnes occupied an 11 percent share based on tonnes of total exports, which put it in third place, followed by Brazil with 10 percent, the U.S. with 8.7 percent, the Netherlands with 6.8 percent, and Costa Rica with 5.7 percent, and Mexico with 5.7 percent.
From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of exports, among the main exporting countries, was attained by the Netherlands, while exports for the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
In value terms, the largest melon supplying countries worldwide were Spain with 361 million dollars, Guatemala with 236 million dollars, and Honduras with 189 million dollars, with a combined 42 percent share of global exports.
Export Prices by Country
The average melon export price stood at 800 dollars per tonne in 2018, lowering by minus 4.4 percent against the previous year. Over the period from 2007 to 2018, it increased at an average annual rate of plus 1.6 percent.
The most prominent rate of growth was recorded in 2017 when the average export price increased by 12 percent year to year. In that year, the average export prices for melons reached their peak level of 838 dollars per tonne, and then declined slightly in the following year.
There were significant differences in the average prices amongst the major exporting countries. In 2018, the country with the highest price was the Netherlands with 1,155 dollars per tonne, while Guatemala with 594 dollars per tonne was amongst the lowest.
From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Costa Rica, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
In 2018, the number of melons imported worldwide amounted to 2.1 Million tonnes, stabilizing the previous year. Overall, melon imports, however, continue to indicate a relatively flat trend pattern. In value terms, melon imports stood at 1.8 Billion Dollars in 2018 according to the index box.
Imports by Country
The U.S. represented the main importer of melons imported in the world, with the volume of imports recording 655 thousand tonnes, which was approximately 30 percent of total imports in 2018. The Netherlands with 205 thousand tonnes ranks second in terms of total imports with a 9.5 percent share, followed by France with 8.5 percent, the UK with 8 percent, Canada with 7.4 percent and Germany with 6.2 percent Spain with 86 thousand tonnes, Portugal with 62 thousand tonnes, Belgium with 40 thousand tonnes, Switzerland with 33 thousand tonnes, Italy with 33 thousand tonnes and Mexico with 33 thousand tonnes occupied minor shares of total imports.
The U.S. experienced a relatively flat trend pattern with regard to the volume of imports of melons imports. At the same time, Mexico came up with plus 7.1 percent, Switzerland with plus 3.2 percent, France with plus 2.7 percent, Spain with plus 2.3 percent, the Netherlands with plus 1.8 percent, and Portugal with plus 1.3 percent displayed positive paces of growth.
Moreover, Mexico emerged as the fastest growing importer in the world, with a CAGR of plus 7.1 percent from 2007 to 2018. Italy and Canada experienced a relatively flat trend pattern. By contrast, Germany went down by minus 1.3 percent, the UK was down by minus 1.9 percent, and Belgium by minus 2.5 percent all illustrating a downward trend over the same period.
In value terms, the U.S. with 403 million dollars constitutes the largest market for imported melons worldwide, comprising 22 percent of global imports. The second position in the ranking was occupied by France with 197 million dollars accounting for an 11 percent share of global imports. It was followed by the Netherlands, with a 10 percent share.
Import Prices by Country
The average melon import price stood at 857 dollars per tonne in 2018, picking up by 5.5 percent against the previous year. Over the last eleven years, it increased at an average annual rate of plus 1.6 percent.
Prices varied noticeably by the country of destination; the country with the highest price was Belgium with 1,461 dollars per tonne, while the U.S. with 615 dollars per tonne was amongst the lowest.
From 2007 to 2018, the most notable rate of growth in terms of prices was attained by Mexico, while the other global leaders experienced more modest paces of growth.
Watermelon is a flowering plant species of the Cucurbitaceae family and the name of its edible fruit. A scrambling and trailing vine-like plant, it was originally domesticated in Africa. It is a highly cultivated fruit worldwide, with more than 1,000 varieties.
Wild watermelon seeds have been found in the prehistoric Libyan site of Uan Muhuggiag. There is also evidence from seeds in Pharaoh’s tombs of watermelon cultivation in Ancient Egypt.
Watermelon is grown in favorable climates from tropical to temperate regions worldwide for its large edible fruit, which is a berry with a hard rind and no internal divisions and is botanically called a pepo.
The sweet, juicy flesh is usually deep red to pink, with many black seeds, although seedless varieties exist. The fruit can be eaten raw or pickled, and the rind is edible after cooking. It may also be consumed as a juice or as an ingredient in mixed beverages.
A considerable breeding effort has developed disease-resistant varieties. Many cultivars are available that produce mature fruit within 100 days of planting. In 2017, China produced about two-thirds of the world’s total watermelons.
Watermelon is a nutrient-rich food full of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. It also contains niacin, thiamin, vitamin B6, zinc, magnesium, and many more nutrients. There are many health benefits to watermelon as it is low in calories so it promotes phytonutrients and anti-oxidants essential for the optimization of health.
Watermelons are usually cultivated out of hybrid varieties of seeds. They need rich, deep soils with little moisture.
Watermelons have shallow roots that can be easily disturbed. There are many varieties of watermelon including the Sugar baby, Sangria, Starlight, Jubilee, Starbrite, and many more. China is by far the world’s largest producer of watermelon, followed by Turkey and Iran.
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Melon production totaled 33 million tonnes in 2018, going up by 1.6 percent against the previous year. Melon exports reached their peak in 2018 and are likely to continue their growth. China is by far the world’s largest producer of watermelon, followed by Turkey and Iran.
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