Top Mushroom Importing And Exporting Countries

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The global mushroom market was valued at 12.74 million tons in 2018 and is projected to reach 20.84 million tons by 2026, exhibiting a CAGR of 6.41 percent in the forecast period. The global mushroom market reached a value of 53.7 Billion in 2019. Looking forward, the publisher expects the market to reach a value of 86.6 Billion dollars by 2025, registering a CAGR of 8.3 percent from 2020 to 2025.

The largest importers of mushroom are:

  • Germany
  • Russia
  • USA
  • Japan
  • China
  • Netherlands
  • France

The largest exporters of mushroom are:

  • Poland
  • Canada
  • Netherlands
  • China
  • Ireland

The World's Top Producers Of Mushroom

The most common cultivated species of mushroom is Agaricus bisporus. Mushrooms are cultivated in sheds with low light intensity and controlled climatic conditions. The sheds modify or limit the surrounding conditions to suit the cultivation of mushrooms and truffles. The modifications also prevent the buildup of carbon dioxide in the shed; a condition that negatively impacts the proper growth of mushrooms. The world mushroom and truffle production has grown over the years, with a record production of about 8.5 million tons in 2011. The top world producers include;

Top Producers

China: China tops the list of the world’s largest producers of mushrooms with an annual production of about 5 million tons. China largely produces mushrooms to meet the large external and internal market demands. Most of the exported Chinese mushrooms are taken to Thailand. Mushrooms are an important meal in most Asian communities like the Chinese. The Yunnan province is the leading producer of wild mushrooms in China. The wild mushrooms in Yunnan are picked mostly between May and September. The climate of Yunnan supports the cultivation of mushrooms. Yunnan and Sichuan are the leading provinces in the production of truffles.

Italy: With an annual production of over 761,000 tons, Italy is the second-largest producer of mushrooms in the world. They are mainly harvested in February during autumn. The white mushroom is increasingly becoming a rare product. Its short supply has made its prices and value shoot up within a short period. Piedmont is the leading region in the production of mushrooms in Italy. Some of the distributors of mushrooms in Italy include Italian Taste and Macchiozzi Luxury.

The United States Of America: The USA produces over 390,000 tons of mushrooms annually. The North American Mushroom Growers Association was established to mobilize and train mushroom farmers in North America. Most of the US Mushroom farming occurs in Iowa, Virginia, South and North Carolina Chester County, and Pennsylvania. Mushroom from Pennsylvania accounts for 41 percent of total mushrooms produced in the USA. The production of mushrooms in Pennsylvania is promoted by the Mushroom Farmers of Pennsylvania with mushroom farms individually owned.

Netherlands: The Netherlands produces over 304, 000 tons of mushrooms annually. Mushrooms from the Netherlands are both wild and cultivated. The Green Mushroom Farm based in the Netherlands is the main exporter of mushrooms in the country, exporting mainly to the other European markets. mushrooms are also common in Amsterdam, with many people considering it to be a drug, and shipping it can be a bit troublesome.

A mushroom or toadstool is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground, on soil, or on its food source

Mushrooms are edible fungi that can provide several important nutrients. The many kinds of mushrooms have varying compositions and nutritional profiles.

Mushrooms contain protein, vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. These can have various health benefits.

Mushroom is a kind of fungi that is widely considered to be edible and forms an integral part of various cuisines across the globe. Edible mushrooms are usually grown in a controlled environment with appropriate light, ventilation, humidity, nutrients, soil pH levels, and air pressure.

They are a rich source of potassium, riboflavin, selenium, and Vitamin D and are proven to be highly beneficial in building immunity, managing weight, and minimizing the risks of various chronic diseases. Shitake, button, oyster, paddy, milky, and reishi are the most common types of available edible mushrooms, which are directly consumed by the households as well as find extensive applicability across the food processing industry. Apart from this, various kinds of non-edible mushrooms are also utilized in the pharmaceutical and nutraceutical industries.

The growing food and beverage industry, along with the rising health consciousness among consumers across the globe, is one of the key factors driving the growth of the market. Owing to shifting dietary preferences toward vegan foods, mushrooms are being preferred as a protein, vitamin, and mineral-rich substitute for meat. Furthermore, widespread product adoption by the pharmaceutical industry is also providing a boost to market growth. Mushrooms consist of compounds that aid in the treatment of diseases, such as hypercholesterolemia and hypertension. Furthermore, they have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antitumor properties, owing to which they are extensively utilized in the manufacturing of medicines.

Additionally, various advancements in mushroom packaging technologies are acting as another major growth-inducing factor. Manufacturers are developing humidity-regulating packaging materials that prevent water condensation on mushrooms, thus prolonging their shelf-life. Other factors, including the increased consumption of organic food products, rapid urbanization, and rising consumer expenditure capacities, are projected to drive the market further.

Benefits Of Mushrooms :

Mushrooms contain important minerals in large quantities for your body. These minerals include selenium, copper, potassium, and phosphorous. Mushrooms are also known to improve people’s diet habits because of their ability to increase appetite. Mushrooms and truffles contain vitamin D and they are a good substitute for red meat and an option for vegetarians. Mushrooms are good for weight control, as they contain little fat. Most known and studied mushrooms have been termed medicinal and with the ability to boost the immune system.

The countries with the highest import tariffs for Mushrooms, fresh or chilled are Turkmenistan with 50 percent, Iran with 50 percent, Angola with 50 percent, Jamaica with 40 percent, and Papua New Guinea with 39.5 percent. The countries with the lowest tariffs are Mauritius, United Arab Emirates, Hong Kong, Kuwait, and the Maldives.

In 2019 the top importers of Mushrooms, fresh or chilled were the United States with 307 million dollars, the United Kingdom with 303 million dollars, Germany with 258 million dollars, France with 157 million dollars, and Italy with 101 million dollars.

In 2019, the top exporters of Mushrooms, fresh or chilled were Poland with 464 million dollars, Canada with 241 million dollars, the Netherlands with 237 million dollars, China with 227 million dollars, and Ireland with 140 million dollars.

The three major mushrooms producing countries according to FAO data which are China, the USA, and Netherland account for more than 60 percent of the world production; however, the share of China itself is 46 percent which is about half of the world's mushroom production.

According to current Indian estimates, the mushroom production in India is about 1 metric ton, which is about 3 percent of the world's mushroom production.

In the USA and Europe major contribution towards mushroom production is from white-button mushrooms. In Asian countries, the scenario is different and other species are also cultivated for commercial production. The total World Production of Mushrooms is around 21,86,222 Metric Tons.

Export in China accounts for less than 5 percent of its total domestic production and about half of it is to Asian Countries. Considering that 95 percent of mushroom production in China is consumed locally, the consumption per capita is likely to be over 10 kilograms per person per year. This is drastically higher than in the US and many European countries where it is around 3 kilograms per person per year. In India, consumption is miserably low. About 60 to 70 percent of it, India's per capita consumption is around 30 to 40 grams per person yearly.

World processed canned and dried mushroom export is continuously increasing from 0.049 to 0.683 million tons over the last four decades from 1970 to 2010 as compared to the fresh mushroom export of 0.014 to 0.482 million tons but fluctuations in export are higher in the case of the processed mushroom. In the USA, five decades ago, 75 percent of the mushroom consumption was in the form of canned mushrooms. Today, canned mushroom contributes only 15 percent of total mushroom consumption. The consumption of canned mushrooms is static and that of fresh mushrooms has increased continuously. This clearly shows that consumers’ interest is shifting towards fresh mushroom consumption.

The largest importer of preserved or canned mushrooms is Germany with about 1,05,186 tons in 2007 according to FAO followed by Russian Federation with about 69,726 metric tons, the USA with about 67,058 metric tons, and Japan with about 32,757 metric tons. Most of these supplies are made by China with about 4,05,112 metric tons, Netherland with about 1,15,349 metric tons, Spain with about 20,623 metric tons, France with about 18,496 metric tons and Indonesia with about 18,392 metric tons.

China is the largest producer and consumer of mushrooms in the world with 15,68,523 metric tons production and 17,732 metric tons imports followed by the USA with 3, 59,630 metric tons production and 68,123 metric tons imports and the Netherland with 2,40,000 metric tons production and 7,884 metric tons imports respectively.

The Trade of mushrooms in the European Union is significant as European Union mushroom production is about 27 percent of the world production according to FAO. The Netherlands is the largest producer and consumer, Poland is the largest exporter, the UK is the largest E.U importer, and France, and Spain are also the larger producers as well as consumers.

From the outside, China is the largest exporter of processed mushrooms. Per capita consumption is very high which is about 3.5 kilograms in these countries.

The highest per capita consumption of mushrooms is in Netherland with 11.62 kilograms followed by Ireland with 6.10 kilograms and Belgium with 4.46 kilograms. Per capita consumption of mushrooms in India has increased from 25 grams to 40 grams in the last 10 years.




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The global mushroom market was valued at 12.74 million tons in 2018 and is projected to reach 20.84 million tons by 2026. Mushroom farming occurs in Iowa, Virginia, South and North Carolina Chester County, and Pennsylvania. The total World Production of Mushrooms is around 21,86,222 Metric Tons.



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