Sugar is one of the most important commodities in the world, with a global production of over 170 million tonnes per year. The sugar market is highly competitive and dominated by a few key players, including Brazil, India, and the European Union, who are the top producers, exporters, and importers of sugar.
Brazil is the largest producer and exporter of sugar in the world, accounting for over 20% of global sugar production. It has a competitive advantage due to its large-scale production, advanced technology, and favorable weather conditions. Brazil’s sugar is mainly exported to Asia, Europe, and the United States.
India is the second-largest producer of sugar and the largest consumer of sugar in the world. India’s domestic market is the primary destination for its sugar production, but it also exports to countries in Asia, the Middle East, and Africa.
The European Union is the third-largest producer of sugar, and its production is mainly consumed domestically. The EU is also a major importer of sugar, with Brazil and Thailand being their main suppliers.
Other significant producers of sugar include Thailand, China, and the United States. Thailand is the world’s second-largest exporter of sugar and supplies a significant portion of the global market. China is the world’s fourth-largest producer of sugar, but its production is mainly consumed domestically. The United States is the fifth-largest producer of sugar, and its production is primarily used domestically, with some exports to Mexico and Canada.
Overall, the global sugar market is highly competitive, with production, consumption, and trade patterns changing frequently due to various factors such as weather conditions, government policies, and changing consumer preferences. However, the demand for sugar continues to remain strong, with sugar being a key ingredient in various food and beverage products.
The global sugar market is influenced by a variety of factors, including weather patterns, crop yields, transportation costs, government policies, and the demand for sugar from consumers and manufacturers. In recent years, sugar prices have been impacted by a variety of factors, including:
Droughts and floods: Extreme weather events can damage sugar crops, leading to lower yields and higher prices.
Changes in government policies: Subsidies, tariffs, and import/export restrictions can all impact the global supply and demand for sugar.
Demand for alternative sweeteners: As consumers become more health-conscious, the demand for alternative sweeteners like stevia and monk fruit can impact the demand for traditional sugar.
Changes in oil prices: The production of ethanol, which is often made from sugar, is influenced by the price of oil. When oil prices are high, it can be more cost-effective to produce ethanol from sugar instead of oil.
As of September 2021, the price of sugar was around 17-18 cents per pound (or 37-40 cents per kilogram) on the global market. However, prices can vary significantly by region and country. Here are some examples of sugar prices in different regions and countries as of September 2021
India: The wholesale price of sugar in India was around 34-35 cents per kilogram in September 2021.
China: The price of sugar in China was around 47-48 cents per kilogram in September 2021.
Germany: The wholesale price of sugar in Germany was around 50-51 cents per kilogram in September 2021.
France: The price of sugar in France was around 51-52 cents per kilogram in September 2021.
United States: The price of sugar in the United States was around 33-34 cents per pound (or 73-75 cents per kilogram) in September 2021.
Mexico: The price of sugar in Mexico was around 23-24 cents per pound (or 51-53 cents per kilogram) in September 2021.
Brazil: The wholesale price of sugar in Brazil was around 16-17 cents per pound (or 35-37 cents per kilogram) in September 2021.
Colombia: The price of sugar in Colombia was around 45-46 cents per kilogram in September 2021.
South Africa: The wholesale price of sugar in South Africa was around 34-35 cents per kilogram in September 2021.
Egypt: The price of sugar in Egypt was around 47-48 cents per kilogram in September 2021.
It’s important to note that these prices are subject to change based on a variety of factors, and should be used for informational purposes only. Additionally, different sources may provide slightly different price ranges depending on the specific type and quality of sugar being measured, so it’s always a good idea to consult multiple sources when researching sugar prices.